what are the most beautiful turtles in the world?

What are the most beautiful turtles in the world?

There are a vast number of turtles in this world, we can go on days trying to include them all because of how many and how beautiful they are.

When asked to describe a turtle, the majority of people often visualize a green reptile. However, some turtles are green in hue. Turtles come in a variety of designs and tones. The planet is home to a number of distinct, colorful, and diversified turtle species, but if you’re like most people, you probably won’t notice them so, in this article, we will state 10 of the most beautiful turtles in this world.

Spotted pond turtle

Image credits:i.pinimg.com

Scientific name: Geoclemys hamiltonii

Habitat: In Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, and northeastern India, close to rivers.

Size: Up to a 16-inch-long carapace


The Indus and Ganges river drainages in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent are home to spotted pond turtles. Their range extends into Bangladesh, Nepal, northern India, and portions of Pakistan. They live in shallow, still, water environments, such as marshes, ponds, and oxbow lakes, and are semi-aquatic in nature. Unfortunately, it is currently listed as an endangered species by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN).


The spotted pond turtle is a carnivore that likes to consume fish, worms, insects, and floating turtle food. Three times each week, give a variety of two or three commercial turtle foods. Distribute fish, worms, or even defrosted pink mice once or twice per week to add some variation. Your turtles will develop into gorgeous, healthy adults if you respect their demand for varied, healthful, and balanced food. Algae, water plants, snails, worms, and other tiny creatures make up their diet primarily.

Physical features.

The spotted pond turtle has a bright yellow pattern on its black shell. The brilliant white or whitish-yellow dots on the head and legs, however, are the most noticeable marks.

These reptiles are known as “spotted pond turtles” because of the yellow or white spots that may be seen on their black heads, legs, and tails. Their webbed feet, huge heads, and short snouts enable them to swim. Pond turtles’ vivid patterns on their carapace, or upper shell, typically fade with time. Males have longer, thicker, and more concave carapaces than females do.


Pond turtles require light to maintain the right body temperature. They gather together and occasionally rest on plants (either on water or on land). When their primary water supply dries up in the summer, spotted pond turtles hibernate in wells in the riverbed. They can dig a great distance to reach these locations.

Box turtles

Image credits Encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com

Latin name: Terrapene Carolina

Origin and Habitat: Box turtles can commonly be seen in ponds, farms, meadows, and woodlands on the eastern side of the US.

Despite being native to the eastern United States, eastern box turtles do occasionally wander outdoors. Since box turtles are frequently kept as pets, people occasionally release them into the wild when they decide they no longer want them or have to relocate.

Even while it could seem advantageous to the turtle, a domestic turtle would struggle to survive in such a diversified ecosystem.

Instead of releasing their pets into the wild, owners are urged to drop them off at a nearby animal shelter or vet clinic. Between 70 and 90 degrees, Fahrenheit is the best temperature range for the turtle to maintain its body temperature (21-32 degrees Celsius).

Use a 75-100 watt heat lamp or ceramic heat emitter to make the basking area warmer than the remainder of the container. The optimal temperature for a basking area is 85–90°F (29–32°C).

Size: Up to a 6′′ long carapace.

Physical features.

The number of yellow markings on the box turtle will vary depending on the specific subspecies. The black shell’s basic color contrasts starkly with these marks.

A little turtle with a maximum length of six inches and a weight of under a pound, the eastern box turtle is a common sight.

A box-like look is defined by its towering carapace or top shell. The brown carapace has patterns of orange and yellow marks. The turtle can conceal its entire body thanks to the plastron, a bottom shell with hinges that are covered by the surface. Dark brown is frequently the plastron’s hue.

The turtle has golden patches on its scaly, black skin. Eastern box turtles have very few webbed toes and lower-than-average upper jaws. Females have yellow-brown eyes, while males have red eyes. In terms of size, men are bigger than women.


As already said, box turtles consume both insects and plant detritus. These mixtures cause them to evolve into omnivores.

When they are young and growing, they need more protein in their meals. Hatchlings are almost exclusively carnivores until they reach maturity.

Box turtles frequently eat nothing but insects. Slugs, cockroaches, crickets, worms, grubs, and other similar animals may be consumed by box turtles.

Since insects are little and plentiful, they prefer to eat them, but if given the chance, they may occasionally swallow larger objects. Studies show that dead or trapped birds as well as small mice have both been reported to be consumed by box turtles.

Malayan snail-eating

Image credits I.pinimg.com

Latin name: Malayemis macrophala

Origin and Habitat:

The coastlines of Thailand, Malaysia, Malaysia, and Cambodia. This turtle lives in slow-moving bodies of water including marshes, swamps, rice paddies, and irrigation canals that have muddy bottoms and dense vegetation.

I’ve mostly seen it in parks in Bangkok, but I’ve also seen it in ponds in less populated locations.

Harvesting for the Chinese food and medicine markets is destroying the natural river basins that are home to the Malayan Snail-Eater Turtle.

Additionally, smaller amounts are gathered for “merit release” and the pet trade. Herbicides, declining habitats, and fishing nets might all have an effect on population sizes.

The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has designated it as “Vulnerable” outside of Thailand, even though it is still common in Thailand. It is furthermore included in Appendix II of CITES.


Up to a 12-inch-long carapace


In Thailand, this turtle it is often noticed. It dislikes eating vegetables but likes to consume little fish, insects, crabs, and other crustaceans.

Physical features

The Malayan snail-eating turtle has some quite beautiful high-contrast patterns, yet it isn’t the brightest turtle on the list. While the blackhead is characterized by wavy white (or ivory) lines, its dark shell is frequently surrounded by dazzling ivory or white markings.

Up to 30 cm long shell. Three prominent ridges, or “keels,” may be seen on the top of the brown shell. The shell’s edge and bottom are yellowish. black head with top and bottom lines of white or yellow around each eye.

Japanese pond turtles

Image credits I.pinimg.com

Mauremys japonica in Latin

Origin and habitat

near water may be found across Japan. In the wild, Japanese pond turtles can be found in freshwater ponds and streams.

They abhor the freezing freshwater habitats they often inhabit. They are proficient swimmers and can easily adapt to moving water.

Additionally, the turtle has to have access to light. Above the aquarium’s basking area, you need to place a special lamp for reptiles, like the OMAYKEY Ceramic Heat Lamp. It will also be advantageous to use a UVB lamp to provide the turtle with the sunshine it requires to produce vitamin D3.

Size: Carapaces often measure 5 to 7 inches long.


Fruit, frogs at all phases of development, larvae, fish, shrimp, crabs, crayfish, aquatic insects, earthworms, and other aquatic invertebrates are just a few of the many items that Japanese pond turtles eat in their natural habitats. Pond turtle diets include both aquatic and desert land foods.

taking care of animals Because they will consume everything you place in front of them, Japanese pond turtles are easy to care for.

As was already said, they like eating fish, earthworms, snails, crickets, shrimp, and other kinds of protein. In addition to veggies like lettuce, green pepper, green beans, and shredded carrots, they eat fruits like melons, strawberries, plums, and grapes.

Physical features

The color of the Japanese pond turtle might vary somewhat from individual to individual, as is the case with many turtle species. Some of them have reddish-orange color.

Typically, the body’s top half is more orange while its lower half is darker. Their shells (carapace), which can range in hue from yellowish brown to dark brown or even black, contrast with their olive-brown heads, which can be any shade.

Their shells have a single, back-edged ridge with serrations. Both sexes have tails, albeit the males’ are longer. The orange lines on either side of the turtles’ legs can also be used to identify them.

Vietnamese Black-Breasted Leaf Turtle

Image credits i.pinimg.com

Latin name: Geoemyda spengleri

Habitat and origin:

The Geoemyda spengleri species is found only in the unbroken highland forests of southern China and northern Vietnam.

The preference for living in high-altitude regions, particularly those that are sloping and near freshwater streams, has changed over time (but not in them). It may be found in deciduous woods, where it resides under trees that provide shade in the summer but little shelter from the weather in the winter.

The development of the species unmistakable owl-like eyes may have been influenced by the gloomy environment of its native range.

This small turtle is one of the list’s strangest creatures. Unfortunately, it is a protected species. But several zoos across the world have used captive breeding techniques to enhance their number. Though infrequently kept as a pet, it is not one of the more well-liked reptiles.

Size: The carapace is about 4.3 inches in size.


mostly eats fruit and tiny invertebrates

Live food, turtle pellets, fruits, and a combination of lean meat can all be fed to Gemyda spengleri. Some examples of highly sought-after live prey are pill beetles, earthworms, crickets, snails, and slugs. Lean ground turkey, chicken feed, and finely chopped carrots make up our meat combination.

You may offer fruit pellets and dice for dinner. The majority of the time, this species prefers red, overripe fruit. Strawberries, grapes, blueberries, bananas, melons, and tomatoes are all edible to our animals. Many turtle keepers lament that their creatures are unable to consume fruit or even meal flakes. It could be essential to use force periodically when dealing with a picky eater.

Physical features

The turtle in the photo shows that it occasionally has reddish markings on its face and neck.

The color of the breasts of the “black-breasted” leaf turtle is mentioned. Their shell is formed like a little brown leaf, and their plastron is black.

Their shells can be grayish-black, yellow-brown, or dark brown. The three keels (ridges) of the turtle have a center that mimics the midrib of a leaf.

This species may be distinguished from others based on its eyes. The males have very white irises and large, seductive eyes. The iris of a woman, however, is light brown. The longer carapace, larger tail, and more concave plastron of the males can also be used to tell them apart from the females.

Twisted neck turtles

Image credits I.pinimg.com

Latin name: Platemys platycephala species

Habitat and origin: Throughout northern South America, shallow stream beds are often in and near them. Most of the twist-necked turtle’s range in northern and central South America is located in the southern Orinoco drainage in Venezuela and the Amazon basin in Brazil.

The “Platemys platycephala” prefers the environment of small streams and forest floors over that of major rivers. Ernst studied the wide geographic range of the twist-necked turtle and found a dark subspecies of “Platemys platycephala” in the western area.

The glacial temperature changes caused less rain to fall, which decreased the extent of the northern rainforests in South America until they regenerated during the interglacial period. Platemys platycephala melanonota underwent a change that resulted in the development of a new subspecies, and many other species underwent allopatric speciation as a result.


The carapace can grow to be up to 7 inches long.

diet: The eggs of amphibians are naturally preferred by twisted-necked creatures, but they also consume a range of terrestrial and aquatic insects, mollusks (snails and slugs), amphibians, and some types of plants. Fish, vegetables, insects, worms, and reptile food may be able to help some species thrive in captivity.

Physical description:

The twist-necked turtle, like many other turtles, has a shell with a black top. But the top of its head varies in hue from yellow to something like a toasted marshmallow. Several portions of the shell are frequently yellow as well, as shown in the photo.

The shell length of the medium-sized turtle “Platemys platycephala” ranges from 14 to 18 cm. On average, females have smaller sizes and shorter tails. The circular, flattened carapace has two elevated areas that together form a trough.

The head is unbroken, smooth, triangular, and tiny. Conical tubercles, rounded projections, and scales on the neck serve as defenses against predation.

The turtle’s unusual moniker is appropriate given its odd look. If the neck is not extended, you might wonder why it is called a spine-necked turtle. When the neck is fully extended, a row of black spikes that extends upward may be seen. Although this turtle is rather prevalent in most of South America, it is nonetheless considered to be endangered.

African Dwarf Mud Turtle

Image credits.bigcommerce.com

Latin name: Pelusios nanus

Habitat and origin: Senegal, Sierra Leone, Guinea, Togo, Benin, Lebanon, Cote d’Ivoire, Ghana, Gabon, and portions of northern Angola are among the West African nations where these aquatic turtles are native.

Aquatic habitats including swamps, marshes, streams, and lagoons that are surrounded by verdant forest floors or submerged savannah make up their natural habitat.

The following should be included in your turtle’s accessories: Submersible heater – The ideal tank water temperature is no lower than 24°C (76°F) at night and between 26 and 28°C (80 and 83°F) during the day.

Full-spectrum (UVB) illumination facilitates calcium metabolism, which is necessary for all reptiles, especially young, developing pets. In order to raise the temperature within the cage, UV basking lamps are used.

Recently, this little turtle was brought inside. It is manageable and temperamental in nature. African dwarf mud turtle captivity will likely come at a considerable cost. Despite the fact that not much research has been done on them, as more of them are kept as pets, we will definitely discover more about them. In the pet business, they are usually referred to as “nanus.”

Size: The carapace may grow up to 4 inches long.


The bulk of their vegetables is composed of dark leafy greens, such as romaine lettuce, dandelion greens, turnip greens, mustard greens, collard greens, red-leaf lettuce, dill, parsley, endive, escarole, carrot tops, and others.

Since kale and spinach may bind to calcium and prevent its absorption, they shouldn’t be ingested in big quantities. You may avoid deficiency by ingesting the appropriate vitamins and minerals from the appropriate reptile salad.

• They may eat tiny pieces of trout food, crickets, water fleas, krill, mealworms, cut-out earthworms, mealworms, and even tiny feeder fish as part of their meat-based diet (minnows).

Young aquatic turtles may be given aquatic turtle pellets, but adults should only get them as a supplement.

Physical features: This cute turtle frequently appears to have been airbrushed. Its head, legs, and other parts of its body are occasionally covered in yellow spots, but the rest of its body and shell are typically fairly black in color. This turtle, the smallest in its species, has an adult straight carapace length (SCL) of about 12 cm (4.7 inches). Due to this trait, the turtle has been given the scientific names “dwarf” and “nanus.” The head of Pelusios nanus is average in size, and it has a short snout.

Spiny turtle

Latin name Heosemys Spinosa

Habitat and origin: mostly Southeast Asian hilly rainforests. The spiny softshell turtle may live over a sizable area of the United States, from the central-eastern region through Wisconsin and Minnesota and as far south as Mexico. Its habitat consists of muddy or sandy rivers, streams, lakes, and ponds with little vegetation.

Size: Up to a 6′′ long carapace.


Mostly different kinds of plant debris, yet it sometimes consumes tiny animals. Almost anything in the water that the spiny softshell turtle can fit in its mouth will be eaten, including crayfish, odd fish, and aquatic insects. To grab prey as it passes by, they would hide in the lake bottom with only their head sticking out.

Physical features:

The spiny turtle has a lovely, rich chestnut brown color when viewed from above. The patterning, however, is noticeably more stunning when viewed from below, as you can see in the picture.

High-contrast dark stripes may be seen on the spines, and brilliant red dots can be seen on the black body.

They may be distinguished from other turtle species by their carapace. In contrast to the shells of other turtles, its shell is flat, spongy, and elastic.

The margins of the flexible carapace are covered in tiny spines (males have more than females).

Mature female carapaces can grow to a size of 7 to 19 inches (18 to 48 cm), although adult male carapaces are significantly smaller, measuring between 5 and 10 inches (13 to 25 centimeters).

The turtle has enormous, pig-like snouts and fully webbed feet. This helps the spiny softshell turtle swim since it spends the majority of its life in the water.

Some turtles have shells that aren’t rounded at the edges, which may have shocked you. The amazing spiny turtle has a pinwheel-like pattern of spikes or spines. One of the numerous names given to it due to its unusual appearance is the cog-wheel turtle.

Razor-Backed Musk Turtle

Image credits I.pinimg.com

Latin name: Sternotherus carinatus

Habitat and origin: In Northern America, you may find them near still bodies of water in Texas, Alabama, Louisiana, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Mississippi, and Florida. They are found in densely covered, pondless streams, bogs, and bog-like areas. The largest species of musk turtle is the razorback. Despite being a species that spends almost all of its time below, these turtles may occasionally come to the surface to sunbathe. They provide for quite interesting viewing because they even explore the aquarium’s bottom.


A carapace that is up to 6 inches long.


You may give your razorback muskrat a premium brand of commercial turtle pellets. Feeder fish, crickets, roaches, mealworms, bloodworms, and earthworms may all be components of the commercial diet. You may feed your turtle non-toxic aquatic plants like duckweed as well as snails, mussels, and aquatic insects to mimic their natural diet. The majority of the food is made up of various aquatic invertebrates

Physical description

Young Razorback Musk turtles have tan or cream-colored bodies and shells with brown markings. As these turtles age, their shells get too brown and the bands surrounding their scutes darken.

The body will start to become gray, and the head and legs will start to develop spots.

The body and shell of young Razorback Musk Turtles are cream or tan in color with brown patterns. The heads of long-necked razorback muskrats are broad and rounded. They also have small legs and sharp beaks.

The shells of these turtles have a thick keel that runs down the middle of the whole length of the shell. The name of this species of turtle comes from its keel.

Texas map turtles

Image credits i.pinimg.com

Latin name: Graptemys versa

Habitat and origin: Turtles may be found in lakes, ponds, rivers, and streams and like to soak up the sun. Only the water bodies that make up the Colorado River system are home to this species, which is native to Texas. mostly in Texas along the Colorado River

Size: Up to 8.4′′ in length for the carapace.


Map turtles are omnivores. In captivity, the majority of an aquatic turtle’s diet consists of floating food and other aquatic plants. Hatchlings and young map turtles often eat more plant matter than do adults. Adults have large, powerful jaws because they typically eat crayfish and snails with tough shells. They also eat a variety of insects. Shrimp and krill that have been freeze-dried are a delicious delicacy for map turtles. These are often in stock in pet stores that provide tropical fish food and supplies.

primary sources of food are seeds, algae, sponges, and numerous tiny aquatic creatures.

Physical features

The head, legs, and body of the Texas map turtle are intricately patterned, similar to the patterns on most other map turtles. Creamy white to light orange typically serves as the basic color. It is patterned with thin, black, or almost black lines.

The carapace is oval-shaped when seen dorsally, with the largest portion resting right above the hind legs. Serrations can be found on both the convex carapacial scutes and the posterior marginals.

All vertebral scutes have medial keels, although the first three have the most apparent ones. These scutes have yellow apexes even though they typically become narrower with time.

The carapace’s primary color is olive green, and it has yellow reticulations. The middle seams of the plastral scutes frequently have a faint pattern in adults and young newborns.

Some people, however, have a creamy yellow plastron that is devoid of any marks.


Some of the most beautiful turtles in the world are the spotted pond, box, Malayan snail-eating, Japanese bond, Vietnamese black-breasted, twisted neck, African dwarf mud, spiny, razor-backed musk, and texas map turtles. Not just these, but there are many more attractive turtles in the whole world. The above-mentioned turtles have enchanting colors and an eye-catching outlook, people get these turtles as pets due to their looks and outstanding features. Despite their beautiful features, they have their own distinct characteristics, some are good pets and some are not, so before getting them as pets read the above-mentioned qualities of theirs.


What is the rarest turtle in the world?

The Yangtze large softshell turtle is also known as the Red River gigantic softshell turtle, the Shanghai softshell turtle, the speckled softshell turtle, and Swinhoe’s softshell turtle. It is a member of the Trionychidae family of turtles. It could be the largest freshwater turtle in the world that is still alive.

What is the world’s kindest turtle?

When handled and engaged with appropriately, the wood turtle is famous for being highly robust, kind, and accommodating. They don’t have as many complex requirements as most aquatic species have. Nevertheless, it is generally preferred to keep them outside because they need a large cage.

Can turtles love their owners?

Of course, it can! In contrast to turtles and tortoises, humans and dogs have distinct traits in common. The fact that both turtles and tortoises can communicate affection or at the very least a preference for their human friends cannot be disputed.

Does it hurt the turtles when you touch them?

Not only might petting turtles stress them out, but turtles might also get sick from germs on human hands. Not to add that in many locations, it’s against the law to touch or bother a sea turtle!

What turtles bite the worst?

The poisonous bites of snapping turtles are their most well-known characteristic. The average bite force of a common snapping turtle is 209 Newtons, whereas that of an alligator snapping turtle is around 158 Newtons.

Share This Post

On Key

Related Posts