A Comprehensive Care Guide and Species Profile for the Blue-Tailed Skink


The Blue-Tailed Skink is a fascinating and popular pet lizard that is found in many parts of the world. This species of lizard is known for its distinctive blue-colored tail, which is why it is called the Blue-Tailed Skink. In this comprehensive care guide and species profile, we will take a closer look at these unique creatures and provide you with all of the information you need to keep them happy and healthy in captivity.

Introduction to the Blue-Tailed Skink

What is a Blue-Tailed Skink?

The Blue-Tailed Skink, also known by its scientific name, Eumeces elegans, is a species of lizard that belongs to the Scincidae family. These lizards are known for their striking blue tails, which they use to distract and confuse predators. They are relatively small, typically growing to around 8-10 inches in length, and have a slender build with smooth scales.

Blue-Tailed Skinks are popular pets due to their friendly nature and relative ease of care in captivity. They are active and curious creatures, and can be quite entertaining to watch as they explore their environment. However, it is important to note that they do require specific care and attention to thrive in captivity, including a proper diet, temperature regulation, and adequate space to move around.

Natural Habitat and Distribution

Blue-Tailed Skinks can be found in a range of habitats, from forests to deserts. They are primarily found in North and Central America, from Mexico to the southern United States. In the wild, they can be found in a variety of environments, including grasslands, woodlands, and rocky areas. They are typically active during the day, and will often be found basking in the sun to regulate their body temperature.

These lizards are well adapted to their natural environments, and have a number of unique features that help them survive. For example, their smooth scales allow them to move quickly and easily through their environment, while their slender build allows them to squeeze into tight spaces to escape predators. They are also able to change color to blend in with their surroundings, making them difficult to spot.

Despite their adaptability, Blue-Tailed Skinks face a number of threats in the wild. Habitat loss and fragmentation, caused by human development and agriculture, are major threats to their survival. They are also vulnerable to predation by a variety of animals, including birds, snakes, and larger lizards.

Behavior and Diet

Blue-Tailed Skinks are diurnal, meaning they are active during the day. They are social creatures, and can often be found in groups basking in the sun or hunting for prey. They are primarily insectivores, and will eat a variety of insects, including crickets, mealworms, and beetles. In the wild, they may also eat small vertebrates, such as lizards or mice.

These lizards are known for their friendly and curious nature, and can make great pets for those willing to provide them with proper care. However, it is important to note that they do require specific conditions to thrive in captivity, including a warm and humid environment, a varied and nutritious diet, and regular veterinary care.


The Blue-Tailed Skink is a fascinating and unique species of lizard, known for its striking blue tail and friendly nature. While they face a number of threats in the wild, they are able to adapt to a range of environments and have a number of unique features that help them survive. For those interested in keeping them as pets, it is important to provide them with proper care and attention to ensure they thrive in captivity.

Physical Characteristics and Behavior

Size and Appearance

Blue-Tailed Skinks are fascinating creatures that are small to medium-sized lizards, ranging in size from 5-8 inches long. They are slender and have long tails that are usually twice the length of their body. The most distinctive feature of this species is their bright blue tails, which are absolutely stunning. Their tails serve as a defense mechanism, as they can detach them when threatened by a predator, allowing the skink to escape while the predator is distracted by the wriggling tail. The rest of their body can be various shades of brown or gray, with lighter or darker speckling. They have four legs and are able to move quickly and smoothly across a variety of surfaces, making them excellent climbers and runners.


The average lifespan for a Blue-Tailed Skink in captivity is around 5-10 years. However, with proper care and nutrition, some skinks have been known to live up to 15 years! In the wild, their lifespan is typically shorter due to the many predators they face.

Social Behavior and Communication

These lizards are very social and enjoy the company of other skinks. They will often bask together in the sun, or cuddle up together in their enclosure. Blue-Tailed Skinks are not vocal animals, but they do use body language to communicate. They will often use head bobs and tail movements to indicate their mood or intentions. For example, a skink may bob its head to show dominance or aggression towards another skink, or it may wave its tail to signal submission or a desire to mate.

Interestingly, Blue-Tailed Skinks are also known for their ability to change color. When they are feeling stressed or threatened, their coloration may become darker or more intense. This is thought to be a way for them to blend in with their surroundings and avoid detection by predators.

Diet and Habitat

Blue-Tailed Skinks are omnivores, meaning they eat both plants and animals. In the wild, they feed on a variety of insects, spiders, and other small invertebrates, as well as fruits and berries. In captivity, they can be fed a diet of crickets, mealworms, and other insects, as well as vegetables and fruits.

These skinks are native to the southeastern United States, where they can be found in a variety of habitats, including forests, grasslands, and wetlands. They prefer areas with plenty of cover, such as fallen logs or rocks, where they can hide from predators and bask in the sun.


Blue-Tailed Skinks are oviparous, meaning they lay eggs. Females will lay a clutch of 2-10 eggs in a nest that they dig in the ground. The eggs will hatch after about 6-8 weeks, and the hatchlings will be fully independent from birth.

Overall, Blue-Tailed Skinks are fascinating creatures that are well-suited to life in captivity. With proper care and attention, they can make great pets and provide endless hours of entertainment and enjoyment.

Blue-Tailed Skink Species Variations

Blue-tailed skinks are a group of lizards that belong to the family Scincidae. They are known for their bright blue tails, which they use to distract predators while they make their escape. There are three main variations of blue-tailed skinks: the common blue-tailed skink, the western blue-tailed skink, and the eastern blue-tailed skink.

Common Blue-Tailed Skink

The common Blue-Tailed Skink is the most widespread of the three variations and is found throughout much of the southern United States. These lizards are the most docile of the three variations and are great for inexperienced pet owners. They are usually around 5-8 inches long and have a shiny, smooth appearance. They are active during the day and feed on insects, spiders, and other small invertebrates.

Common blue-tailed skinks are also known for their ability to detach their tails when threatened by predators. The detached tail continues to wiggle and distract the predator, allowing the skink to escape. The tail will eventually grow back, but it will not be as bright blue as the original.

Western Blue-Tailed Skink

The Western Blue-Tailed Skink is found in the southwestern United States and Mexico. They tend to be less docile than the common Blue-Tailed Skink and require a little more experience to keep as pets. They are slightly larger than the common blue-tailed skink, growing up to 10 inches in length. They have a more rugged appearance and are usually brown or gray with faint stripes on their backs.

Western blue-tailed skinks are active during the day and are known for their speed and agility. They are also excellent climbers and can often be found basking on rocks or tree branches. In the wild, they feed on a variety of insects, spiders, and small invertebrates.

Eastern Blue-Tailed Skink

The Eastern Blue-Tailed Skink is found in the eastern United States and is the least common of the three variations. They tend to be the largest of the three variations and have a larger head and more pronounced jawline. They are usually around 8-12 inches long and have a shiny, smooth appearance. They are active during the day and feed on insects, spiders, and other small invertebrates.

Eastern blue-tailed skinks are also known for their ability to camouflage themselves in their surroundings. They have the ability to change their skin color to match their environment, which helps them avoid predators. They are also excellent swimmers and are often found near water sources.

In conclusion, blue-tailed skinks are fascinating lizards that come in a variety of shapes and sizes. Whether you are an experienced reptile owner or a beginner, there is a blue-tailed skink that will suit your needs.

Proper Housing and Enclosure

Providing a proper housing and enclosure for your Blue-Tailed Skink is crucial to ensure its health and happiness. In this section, we will discuss the different aspects of creating an ideal living space for your skink.

Choosing the Right Enclosure

When it comes to choosing the right enclosure for your Blue-Tailed Skink, size matters. Your skink’s enclosure should be at least 20 gallons in size for a single skink, and larger if you plan on keeping multiple skinks. This will give your skink enough space to move around, explore, and exercise.

A glass aquarium with a secure, tight-fitting lid is a good option for your skink’s home. The lid should be able to keep your skink inside, while also allowing for proper ventilation. This will help prevent any respiratory issues that may arise from poor air circulation.

The enclosure should have plenty of hiding places, such as rocks or logs, as well as a basking area for your skink to regulate its body temperature. This will provide your skink with a sense of security and comfort, as well as a place to bask and warm up.

Substrate and Furnishings

The substrate for your skink’s enclosure should be able to hold moisture and be easily cleaned. A mix of sand and coconut coir is a good option, as is reptile carpet. Avoid using cedar or pine shavings, as they can be harmful to your skink’s respiratory system.

Provide plenty of hiding places and decorations for your skink to explore, such as fake plants, logs, or plastic caves. This will create a more natural and stimulating environment for your skink, which can help prevent stress and boredom.

Temperature and Lighting Requirements

Blue-Tailed Skinks require a specific temperature range to thrive. During the day, the temperature should be between 75-85 degrees Fahrenheit, with a basking area of around 95 degrees. At night, the temperature should drop to around 65-70 degrees. This temperature fluctuation mimics the natural temperature changes in their native habitat, which can help regulate their metabolism and overall health.

UVB lighting is also essential for your skink’s health, as it provides the vitamin D3 necessary for calcium absorption. A light timer can be used to provide a consistent lighting schedule, which can help regulate your skink’s circadian rhythm and prevent any disruptions to their sleep cycle.

By providing a proper housing and enclosure for your Blue-Tailed Skink, you can ensure that they live a happy and healthy life. Remember to monitor their behavior and adjust their living conditions as needed to ensure their comfort and well-being.

Diet and Nutrition

Proper diet and nutrition are crucial for the health and well-being of your Blue-Tailed Skink. In this section, we will discuss the feeding schedule, portion sizes, nutritional requirements, supplements, and treats for your skink.

Feeding Schedule and Portion Sizes

Blue-Tailed Skinks are carnivorous and should be offered a variety of live insects, such as crickets, mealworms, and waxworms. They can also be fed small amounts of fruit and vegetables, such as apples or carrots. It is important to feed your skink every 2-3 days, and adjust the amount based on their age and activity level. Overfeeding can lead to obesity and other health issues, so it is important to monitor your skink’s weight and adjust their diet accordingly.

Nutritional Requirements

Your skink’s diet should consist primarily of protein, with a smaller amount of fruits and vegetables. Insects can be dusted with a calcium supplement before feeding to ensure adequate calcium intake. Calcium is essential for the development and maintenance of strong bones and muscles. Water should be provided in a shallow dish at all times, and it is important to change the water daily to prevent bacteria growth.

Supplements and Treats

Occasional treats, such as freeze-dried crickets, can be offered as a supplement to your skink’s regular diet. However, treats should not make up more than 10% of their overall diet. Vitamin supplements, such as a multivitamin or probiotic, can also be given every 2-4 weeks to ensure your skink is getting all of the necessary nutrients. It is important to consult with a veterinarian or reptile specialist to determine the appropriate supplements for your skink.

In conclusion, a well-balanced and nutritious diet is essential for the health and longevity of your Blue-Tailed Skink. By following the feeding schedule, portion sizes, and nutritional requirements outlined in this guide, you can ensure that your skink is getting all of the necessary nutrients to thrive.

Health and Wellness

As a pet owner, it’s important to prioritize the health and wellness of your Blue-Tailed Skink. These fascinating creatures are generally hardy animals, but like any living being, they can be prone to certain health issues.

Common Health Issues

Respiratory infections, parasites, and injuries from other pets are some of the most common health issues that Blue-Tailed Skinks may face. Respiratory infections can be caused by poor enclosure conditions or exposure to other sick animals. Parasites, such as mites and ticks, can be picked up from the environment or from other pets. Injuries from other pets can occur if your skink is housed with other animals who may see them as prey.

To prevent these health issues, it’s important to take proper care of your skink and maintain good hygiene. Regular veterinary checkups are also essential to catch any potential health issues early on.

Preventative Care and Regular Checkups

Preventative care for your Blue-Tailed Skink includes maintaining proper enclosure conditions, providing a nutritious diet, and keeping their enclosure clean. A clean and well-maintained enclosure will help prevent the growth of harmful bacteria and parasites. A nutritious diet that includes a variety of insects, fruits, and vegetables will help keep your skink healthy and strong.

Regular veterinary checkups are also important to ensure your skink is healthy and free of infections or parasites. During these checkups, your veterinarian will perform a thorough physical examination, check for any signs of illness, and recommend any necessary treatments or preventative measures.

Signs of Illness and When to Consult a Veterinarian

It’s important to monitor your Blue-Tailed Skink for any signs of illness. Lethargy, loss of appetite, and abnormal behavior are all potential signs of illness in skinks. If you notice any changes in your skink’s behavior or appetite, it’s important to monitor them closely and consult with a veterinarian if symptoms persist or worsen.

Overall, taking good care of your Blue-Tailed Skink and prioritizing their health and wellness will help ensure that they live a long and happy life.

Handling and Socialization

Blue-Tailed Skinks are fascinating reptiles that make great pets. They are active, curious, and can be quite social with their owners. However, to ensure their well-being and happiness, it is important to handle and socialize them properly.

Tips for Safe Handling

When handling your Blue-Tailed Skink, it is essential to approach them slowly and calmly. Sudden movements or loud noises can startle them, causing them to become stressed or defensive. To avoid this, try to approach them from the side rather than from above.

It is also important to support their body with your hands and avoid squeezing their tail. While the tail may grow back if it is dropped, it can take a significant amount of time and energy for the skink to regenerate it. To prevent this from happening, make sure to handle your skink gently and with care.

Building Trust and Bonding with Your Skink

Building trust with your Blue-Tailed Skink takes time and patience. One way to start is by offering them food by hand or sitting near their enclosure to get them accustomed to your presence. This will help them associate you with positive experiences and gradually become more comfortable around you.

Once your skink is comfortable with your presence, you can begin handling them for short periods of time. Start with just a few minutes and gradually increase the duration as they become more at ease. Remember to always handle them gently and with care to avoid causing them stress or injury.

Introducing Your Skink to Other Pets

If you have other pets, such as cats or dogs, it is important to introduce them to your Blue-Tailed Skink slowly and carefully. Start by allowing them to sniff each other through the enclosure to get used to each other’s scent. Then, you can gradually introduce them under close supervision.

Remember, even friendly pets can pose a threat to your skink’s safety. Never leave them alone together and make sure to supervise their interactions closely. With patience and care, your Blue-Tailed Skink can coexist peacefully with other pets in your household.

Breeding and Reproduction

Mating Behavior and Courtship

Blue-Tailed Skinks are oviparous, meaning they lay eggs. Breeding typically occurs in the spring, and males will often engage in elaborate courtship displays to attract females.

Egg Laying and Incubation

After mating, females will lay their eggs in a sheltered spot, such as a log or rock crevice. The eggs will hatch after an incubation period of around 8 weeks and the baby skinks will be fully independent after a few weeks.

Caring for Hatchlings

Once the eggs hatch, the baby skinks should be kept in a separate enclosure with a temperature of around 80 degrees Fahrenheit. Offer them small insects and fruit flies until they are big enough to eat larger insects. Proper care and nutrition are essential to ensure their health and survival.


Blue-Tailed Skinks are fascinating creatures that make great pets for reptile enthusiasts of all experience levels. With the proper care and nutrition, these lizards can live happy and healthy lives in captivity. If you’re considering adding a Blue-Tailed Skink to your family, be sure to do your research and provide them with all of the essentials they need to thrive.

Share This Post

On Key

Related Posts